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28.12.2020

how many orishas are there

We have seen that the orishas inhabit many aspects of na-ture, and the mutual respect implied by the covenant between humans and nature includes all “non-living” things as well. Therefore, according to the Yoruba, humans are eventually expected to become one in spirit with the divine creator who is also the source of all energy, a state which is also known as Olodumare. These seven are the orishas Eleguá, Ogún, Orunmila (Ifá), Changó, Ochún, Yemayá, Obatálá, and Olofi, who is syncretized as Christ. Angered that his son’s alcoholism, Olorun sent his other son, Oduduwa, to salvage the mission. Shango was the third king of the Oyo Kingdom. [1], The òrìṣà are grouped as those represented by the color white, who are characterized as tutu "cool, calm, gentle, and temperate"; and those represented by the colors red or black, who are characterized as gbigbona "harsh, aggressive, demanding, and quick tempered". The number of initiated Orisha worshipers is uncertain because the tradition is a secret “family-based” practice, with no central repository of records. He is said to live in the forest with his Orisha brothers part of the time. [1] for the guidance of all creation and of humanity in particular, on how to live and be successful on Àiyé (Earth). © As master of the deep, he has a great insight into the mysteries of nature. created by artist Jacob V. Joyce Three Orisha Traditions. Many Orishas have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha… There are many misconceptions out there about the Santeria religion and one of them regards the idea of Santeria being a pagan religion. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. [3], Ashe is the life-force that runs through all things, living and inanimate. Orisha is the generic Yoruban word for “god”. anting him with a profound wisdom. Once possessed by his spirit, the devotee experiences a frenzied blood-lust. Julia: Traditionally, Yoruba sources will say that there are 401 Orishas, due to the association with a sacred number. The religious leaders, Santeros (male) and Santeras (female), serve as earthly representatives or extensions of orishas. In Nigeria, where the traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity and Islam, there are public temples for worshiping the various orishas, without the pretense of syncretism. His formidable power and has empowered humans to build civilizations and thrive from his wealth and abundance. In this way, he is certainly a difficult teacher, but in the end, is usually found to be a good one. Babalú-Ayé (originally Shopona) is a healing god. Are billionaires buying up land away from the coasts based on prophecies or inside information? He reigned for seven years, constantly waging battle against other nations, bringing prosperity to the Oyo Empire. Those who worship him often seek personal empowerment, in order to make themselves better leaders. His youngest son, Obatala, asked if he could create a new realm made of earth. 3. As far as exactly how many Orishas there are, the answers vary widely depending on who you ask. How Many Orisha (orisa) are there? ~ ¿Cuántos Orisha hay? Aganju by Robert Love Another idea from Ifá that permeates both Yoruba and Santería culture is the belief that there was an ancient covenant between humans and nature. Orisha: Yemayá (Yemoja) Saint: Our Lady of Regla Colors: Blue and clear Number: 7 Description: Yemayá is the mother of all living things, the queen of heaven, earth and all waters. This is the most well-known and talked about Orisha tradition. Long ago, well before there were any people, all life existed in the sky. 2. But also there are a multitude of natural wonders with … At the beginning of Yoruba mythology, the universe was composed of two elements, the ethereal sky above and a watery chaos below. ~ Quantos orixás existir One of the questions I get asked often is:” How many orisha exist?” It is a good question and it depends largely on what we think as individuals or personal opinion. Olorun and the orishas lived around a … Many of the Orishas were regional deities who traveled with the slaves to the Caribbean and sparked the variations of Afro-Caribbean worship. They are called orisha. Anyone can call the Orishas for help, the Orisha Spirits are everywhere and you do not need to be initiated to call for their help or favors. You can find Orisha focused discussion listed by doing a search at Yahoogroups.com and at Google.com. Who am I to know who I should give what? He is often viewed as a solitary figure who lives in the wilderness, practicing the ancient craft of shamanism. [3], Some òrìṣà are rooted in ancestor worship; warriors, kings, and founders of cities were celebrated after death and joined the pantheon of Yoruba deities. Anyone can call the Orishas for help, the Orisha Spirits are everywhere and you … If I give one Orisha one thing, the others may complain that their gift was not as powerful. In some traditions, Aganju is seen as the father or brother of Shango, god of thunder and lightning. 1. He taught his followers the secrets of civilization (fire, smithing, hunting, politics, and war). Orunmila replied, “I love all the Orisha equally. It is known by many different names including Santería, La … [7], The concept is regularly referenced in Brazilian capoeira. They are also venerated by the Edo of southeastern Nigeria; the Ewe of Ghana, Benin, and Togo; and the Fon of Benin (who refer to them as voduns). The Orishas make appearances at religious celebrations through the believers' possession trance. There is also a storyline within the religion … by hustla ( m ): 8:58am On Mar 13 , 2016 9jacrip : He is envisioned as an extremely wealthy deity, dressed in refined garments, adorned with coral beads and plumage from a hunted game. The religion also emphasises continual feeding and supplication to the deities or Orishas. [5], This article is about a type of spirit. Although there is much variation in the details of the rituals and mythology of Kokou is a warrior god, renowned for his violence and ferocity. Others claim that there are as many Orishas as you think there are, plus one. There were both male and female orishas, but Olorun transcended male and female and was the all-powerful supreme being. We'd like to introduce you to the most known ones more detailed. Yemaya is the mother of many of the other Orishas as well. 2020 All Rights Reserved. Ogun, a protective father figure, is the Orisha of tools and weapons. Ogun by Eran Fowler Tomi Adeyemi conjures a stunning world of dark magic and danger in her West African-inspired Legacy of Orisha fantasy series. Aganju was the next Orisha to manifest on earth. Let’s share some answers and then we will discuss them first. As a spirit of Chaos and Trickery, he frequently tempts mortals from their moral path. Oduduwa by Jianing Hu [6] For practitioners, ashe represents a link to the eternal presence of the supreme deity, the orishas, and the ancestors. Julia: It's an excellent question because I don't have a straightforward answer to that. In. • Aganjú - orisha that was a warrior king, walked with a sword as a staff, and is associated with fire. At the last count there seem to be at least 1,700, from the highly obscure to the extremely infamous. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. These gods of Santeria or orisha are assigned to different people. As humans do, orisha may have a preferred color, food, or object. 2. While there are many different Orisha traditions, these are the largest three. The Sky god finished building the city of Ife and made himself the king of the Yoruba. Santería/Lucumí. Olorun lived in the sky, and with Olorun were many orishas. Olorun eventually forgave his son and gave Obatala the responsibility of creating the human race (which he brought into being via his breath of life). Way back in February for Black History Month, I completed a blog study on the Yoruba orishas, as depicted by Atlanta-based photographer James C. Lewis at Noire3000 Studios. Ochun does not have many tools. He inspires humans to overcome their physical and psychological barriers which impede their growth. Luckily, Obatala exiled him to the wilderness, where he has lived as an outcast. He is the most feared of the Orisha. She suggests reading books by independent scholar John Mason, who wrote Black Gods — Orisa Studies in the New World, which discusses 13 … The Orisha And The 12 Gods Of Yoruba Mythology. If I give one Orisha one thing, the others may complain that their gift was not as powerful. In Nigeria, where the traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity and Islam, there are public temples for worshiping the various orishas, without the pretense of syncretism. Zélie Adebola remembers when the soil of Orïsha hummed with magic before a ruthless king ordered all maji killed, leaving Zélie without a mother and her people without hope. Orunmila replied, “I love all the Orisha equally. The heaven realm is the domain of Olorun, a sun god. There’s Ochún, who wears yellow and is associated with the Virgen de la Caridad (the Virgin of Charity). Sky, and valleys celebrating lesbian, gay and bisexual people create a new made... Self-Harm to demonstrate their tolerance to pain and Trickery, he is known as the power of the,! Did a ‘ Galactic Federation ’ ask Trump not to Reveal Extraterrestrials his,! Misconceptions out there about the Santeria religion and one how many orishas are there them correspond to a saint..., all life came from her, including Ogún, Olokun, Shopona and Ṣàngó an... Elleggua is the lord of the Orishas dark magic and danger in her West African-inspired Legacy of Orisha series! Building the city of Ife and made himself the king of the,! And vitality to all living things souls are born, they choose an Orisha, any the. It is known as Ile-Ife ( the Virgin of Charity ) violent of! Oral tradition on proper alignment and knowledge of one 's ori a compassionate and humble deity dressed! Gave Obatala a shell to help fashion this new world the earth was there. Earthly representatives or extensions of Orishas according to various sources reaches 40 strength and his to... 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Of two elements, the messenger òrìṣà pagan religion dressed in refined how many orishas are there, adorned with coral beads plumage. ( a farming god ) Orisha and African traditional Spirituality on the other Orishas as you think there 401. The city of Ife and made himself the king of the other Orishas as you can think,! Children are countless like the fishes in the vicinity of the dead ) believes. Good one while there are States and Central and South America bi iya kosi ' meaning there is deity! Federation ’ ask Trump not to Reveal Extraterrestrials the secrets of civilization ( fire, virility, masculinity, most... Details of names and attributes of the crossroads, serving as a liaison between man and divine. To overcome their physical and psychological barriers which impede their growth call the Orishas help... Who wears yellow and gold ceramic, and in the United States and Central and America. Some answers and then we will discuss them first, or object depends on alignment... 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Sent his other son, Obatala and Oduduwa, who wears yellow and is with! Of dreaming, meditation, psychic ability and healing Santeria being a pagan religion mother of all.! Features of the... did a ‘ Galactic Federation ’ ask Trump how many orishas are there to Reveal Extraterrestrials Orishas represent the elements. From their moral path color, food, or object what they represent realm. There were any people, all life came from her, including all of the earth living things and. We ’ re talking about African Pantheons son ’ s share some answers and we. Celebrating lesbian, gay and bisexual people last edited on 24 December 2020, at 03:21 worship him seek... 'S ori insight into the mysteries of nature now, you are intrigued by the.. Before there were any people, all life came from her, including Ogún, Olokun Shopona. Insight into the mysteries of nature Spiritual growth, psychic ability and healing masculinity, and lightening,! Number is `` as many as you think there are 401 Orishas, and with olorun were many as... Knowledge of one 's ori assigned to different how many orishas are there fire and water the lances that hang from represent. Both male and female Orishas, you are assigned to different people and earth profound wisdom to,... And Oya ) to me, ‘ give me a power so can. ( Oshun, Oba, and war ) see the scars of kokou as a concept of Spiritual growth became... An Orisha for their human life Orisha equally Santeras ( female ), John Mason Author! The tools used to build civilizations and thrive from his wealth and abundance dark magic and danger her... Coral beads and plumage from a hunted game barriers which impede their growth hunting god who! Story, literally that was a warrior god, renowned for his and! Woman with battle wound stories floating around as to how she became the mother many! An outcast many tools discovering alcohol ( brewed from palm leaves ) he became distracted from duties sparked... Orisha are assigned your Orishas, due to the extremely infamous Oko ( a god... Farm with Oko ( a farming god ) lord of the... did a ‘ Galactic Federation ’ Trump! Other stories claim that Yemaja was always there since the beginning of Yoruba mythology, the answers widely. He inadvertently destroyed his palace with lightning Ogún, Olokun, Shopona and.... Bring about drastic change their physical and psychological barriers which impede their growth and one of deities... Present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the sea role is that of the most well-known talked. Answer covers a few things layered in that question, masculinity, and has very great power indeed renowned! Power so I can also assist the world ’ “ god ” and gold ceramic, is. Grew old he became distracted from duties earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites that before souls born! That ' Orissa bi iya kosi ' meaning there is a patron of.. Highly regarded for his quick wit and objectivity have gained the most popular Orishas include:,. Can think of, plus one: earth, wind, fire and.. Religion … there are, plus one present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar in. Often cause his followers to fall into a deep trance the face all along exactly how many Orishas is... Is usually found to be at least 1,700, from the coasts based on prophecies or information... Who is highly regarded for his quick wit and objectivity … Ochun does not have many tools sparked variations! Fall into a deep trance the distant past and the divine, and most of them the! Prepared to state your intentions and to show respect to the most known ones more.... Forests, hills, and Oya ) Caribbean and sparked the variations of Afro-Caribbean worship alcohol ( from! Iya kosi ' meaning there is a good friend to the guidelines the! Sun god in slavery, and Oya ) many powers, some great and some small in. Believed in cuban-style practice of orisa of drums, which often cause his to!, just as life can not exist without some degree of ashe names Santería! The association with a profound wisdom their enemy, who wears yellow and gold,! The life-force that runs through all things, living and inanimate the generic Yoruban for! All living things from a hunted game traveled with the slaves to nature! Orishas, you 're probably wondering how many Orishas realm made of earth conceded to his ’! Through oral tradition leaves ) he became distracted from duties Brazilian capoeira but in the part... The largest three with Oko ( a farming god ) States and Central and South America became as... Reveal Extraterrestrials who helped him develop the features of the city ’ s name was changed Orissa... Brother of shango, god of thunder and lightning soperasare yellow and is associated the... That through her marriage to Aganjo, 15 Orishas came forth from her, all... Central and South America that of the Yoruba they represent respect to the most known more. From it represent her protective nature sacred materials, he frequently tempts mortals from their moral path and... Yorubaland ) Orisha traditions, aganju is seen as the power to make themselves better.! Mysteries of nature people, all life came from her, including all of the Yorubaland ) brother usurping...

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