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28.12.2020

how to use a compass and map

This is a great video that will introduce the concepts of orienteering to you. Knowing how to use a map with a compass is not only useful while you are out in the wilderness, but it could turn out to very useful in a bugging out situation or if you are trying to avoid certain “danger zones” if the S were to hit the fan. Their batteries can […] Hold the compass with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you. How Should I Set My GPS and Compass? A look at the compass to see where the needle is pointing (and thus which direction you should orient the map) is the only concern. Quickly understand how to follow a bearing in the field, find your location on a map and reach any set of GPS coordinates with a compass. Because declination changes over time, newer maps will have more accurate figures. In this article, we'll teach you the basics. Be sure to watch for contour lines and intervals, the greater the change in elevation you encounter, the longer the actual hiking distance, although the distance on the map remains the same. Click Here To See The Comments Navigation is one of the most vital skills a survivalist needs. Then, while holding both map and compass steady, rotate your body until the end of the magnetic needle is within the outline of the orienting arrow. Using a compass with a map is similar to using a compass without a map — except you have an extra tool to assist you! Just to be safe, keep that compass handy. Once you’re an expert on orienteering, share the knowledge! Clicking on the 'Draw Route' button will plot and draw a route to a marker at your selected point of destination and display: Origin latitude, north or south, in degrees, minutes and seconds. Place the corner of your compass’s baseplate on your location, then rotate your entire compass until the straightedge forms a line between your location and your destination. serves as a line connecting your current position to where you want to go. Welcome back to the Art of Manliness Land Navigation Manual. Start by identifying a few landmarks. Therefore, you may want to consider a GPS device that works in bad weather. 4.The destination is somewhere along … Put your compass down on a flat surface and align one edge of the compass with your starting point — in this case, Camp 22. Under this method, you start by orienting your map to the north by using your compass. Learn to navigate using a topographic map and a compass. Rotating bezel: circular area marked with number degrees from (clockwise) 0 to 360. Want to triangulate your location? 2. From navigation to staying dry to predicting the weather, our primer will have you dialed. For any hiker, backpacker, or survivalist, a command of map and compass skill is critical to growth. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Put the compass anywhere on the map 3. Use the string and the map’s scale/distance scale to determine how far you’ll be hiking. Most of the time, though, the three lines will form a small triangle—your location will be somewhere in or near that small area. A topo map is an indispensable navigational tool, but only if you know how to read it. How to Use a Map. That's why basic map and compass skills remain essential for anyone who spends time outdoors today. Unsurprisingly, it’s by compass maker Silva, and I’ve borrowed it below. 3. How Should I Set My GPS and Compass? Now, you must align the orienting lines and arrow on your compass with the meridian lines on the map. Updated with current Web site information, photographs, and more, it covers traveling by map alone, by compass alone, or by map and compass together. Compass Basics A compass is one of the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own. Compass features. Direction of travel arrow: shows you where to point your compass when taking a bearing. With the right app (try Digital Field Compass for Android, or Smart Compass for iPhone), you can use your phone as a navigation device, no GPS required. Just follow these steps. Hold your compass flat with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you and directly at the landmark. So check the map’s revision date or, better yet, consult the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) magnetic declination. Learn how to use this indispensable tool and stay on track. There are two ways you can take a bearing out on the trail – by map or by sight in the field. understanding how a compass works and how to use it with a map . Both kinds are easy to use with a … Map & Compass 101 – Setting & Reading Headings • Step by Step 1 – 2 - 3 1– set your map on the ground; find where U are and where U want to go U R here 2– set your compass edge along a straight line from where U are to where U want to go 3 – turn the compass dial until The Orienteering lines are Parallel to the North / South If you don't know what triangulation is, read this article. In Part I, we covered how to properly use a compass, how to shoot your bearings, and the best map for navigating: the topo map.Before we can start actually navigating, which we’ll get to in Part III of this series, we still need to learn where we are in relation to our map — how to orient ourselves. It also gradually changes over time as the Earth’s tectonic plates shift. Ruler(s): Used with your map’s scale to determine distances. Sometimes, they run out of battery; sometimes, after years of use, they fail. Using a map and compass to find your way. Making sure that the direction of travel arrow remains pointed in the general direction of the landmark (6a), rotate the entire baseplate until the orienting lines are running north/south (6b) and the north marker on the bezel is pointing to north on the map (6c). It is very important to know where North is on the map and make sure that the orienting arrow is pointing toward North. To determine the accurate direction you need to … Compasses first appeared in China around 200 B.C. Place your hiking compass on the map with the direction-of-travel arrow pointing toward the top of the map. But when you’ve been walking in circles for hours and your day hike is stretching into an overnight, that saying is cold comfort. Before you can use a map to help you find your way, you’ll need to make sure you’re equipped with one that’s suitable for the type of traveling you’re doing. Smart! (Be sure the north marker on the bezel is pointing north on the map, not south.). While entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every new compass user needs to know the basic concepts. A fundamental skill for navigating with a map and compass is taking a bearing — the specific direction you’ll follow to navigate between two points. Includes types of compass, considerations and … To help do this – make sure that the orienteering lines are lined up with the easting lines on the map. Then take a class with the REI Outdoor School or another outdoor organization and practice these skills until you master them. Orient the map with the terrain, using the technique already described. A compass can be very accurate if you use it the right way, but you need to learn it first as it may seem difficult for some. Working off an older map? Baseplate: a clear back that lets you see the map underneath. Turn the map and compass until the needle on the compass aligns with the north-south gridlines on the map, with the red needle pointing to the top of the map Put the map as flat as possible in front of you ; Put the compass anywhere on the map Rotate the bezel until the grid lines on the base plate match the grid lines on the map. Somehow, in just one minute, they layout how to use a compass to find your way from one point on the map to another. Step 3: Put the compass on top of the map. Simple, yet reliable, this compass is great for spot checks and map consults. The solution? This makes it much easier to relate the map to what you see on the ground. Because baseplate compasses are the most widely used, our instructions here will focus on them. Once you’ve mastered orienting a map to the field using a compass, you can now use that map to reach a destination that’s out of your sight. 3. While they have the advantage of being precise and durable, lensatic compasses have a slightly higher learning curve. There are various types of maps, from simple park maps to detailed topographical maps. Method #2. Basic Map and Compass Navigation. Learn more and join us, Earn a $100 REI Gift Card when you apply, get approved and make any purchase within 60 days of card approval.Details, Mon–Fri, 5am–10pm PT Sat–Sun, 6am–9pm PT. When protected with either waterproof coatings or careful storage, maps rarely fail. Why not rely exclusively on a phone or GPS receiver? How To Get Your Map and Compass To Face the Same Direction. Buy Now. While there are many different kinds of compasses on the market, the most common for backpackers is the baseplate compass, which consists of a liquid-filled compass face attached to a flat, clear piece of plastic. It needs no batteries, works with any map, and even works without a map! Make sure the map covers the entirety of the area you’ll be traveling in, plus some extra for safety’s sake. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you 2. In this day and age, with all the smart phones, GPS and other technology we have, knowing how to use a compass and a map is a dying art. The biggest? Learn More 2. Position the baseplate’s straight edge where one end is on point A (your current location). More complicated maps generally require the use of a compass to orient yourself properly and understand how to position yourself in relation to the coordinates you find. Method #1. The point where all the lines intersect is your approximate location. This is a great video that will introduce the concepts of orienteering to you. Set the compass heading by rotating the dial until the letter 'N''for north'lines up with magnetic north indicated on the map. Lay your compass on the map and align one corner of the straight edge with the landmark. Magnetized needle: The end that always points to the magnetic pole is usually colored red or white. Brunton’s Instructor Kit. 4. If unfamiliar, spend some time studying your maps and seeing how features relate from the map … How To Use a Compass with a USGS Topographic Map. https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/navigation-basics.htm Be sure to read all the way to the end to learn about declination or you’ll end up heading toward magnetic north and not true north! Updated with current Web site information, photographs, and more, it covers traveling by map alone, by compass alone, or by map and compass together. In addition, it is not convenient to use a compass and map in rainy days. If you have trouble remembering that rule, try this mnemonic: Maps Tell Almost Everything. These tips, from backpacker and astronomy Ph.D. candidate Melodie Kao, will ensure that you never get lost in the dark again.*. Read on to learn how to use a compass and be confident in your skills. Google Maps Compass Route Drawing. The Suunto M-3 NH is a solid baseplate compass for beginners and experienced orienteers alike. You should be able to draw a line along the edge, as if it were a ruler'which it basically is. That’s why a magnetized compass and a paper map—and the navigational knowhow to use them—are part of the Ten Essentials. Figuring out your location with a map and compass is easy, but it comes with some caveats. We have become so spoiled to GPS systems on our phones and in our cars, that many children no longer understand how to look at a map for directions. Remember north is 0, east is 90, and so on. GPS dead? As always, remember to adjust for declination, 1. ), One of the tricky parts of navigating with a compass is that magnetic north isn’t the same as true north. Keeping these two simple items in your pack—and knowing how to use them—is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble. (They’re hundreds of miles apart. Move the baseplate of the compass until the straight edge of the compass align with either the … Just like the GPS on your phone, all of these apps require a charged battery to work, which defeats the purpose of a low-tech solution like a compass. You need to make use of some or all of the compass features for different tasks. Uh-oh, you forgot to download free maps at Backpacker.com, and now you're lost in the woods without any navigational tools. Far easier than finding yourself after you ’ ll need to be familiar with the direction of travel is... Backpacker, or survivalist, a command of map and keep reading your map ’ s by compass maker,. The Ten Essentials find yourself headed in the correct sense because a straight line will more... Provides the lay of the map so that north is 0, east or,! So it shouldn ’ t the same as true north, not south. ) important! To help do this – make sure you know how to use a compass built it... 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And be confident in your trip area ) place the compass on the map to true,. Has a compass for hiking in Australia with triangulation and taking your bearings: shows you where read. Heading “ northwest ” to get from where you want to be familiar with the features! Useful video from the landmark at REI, we aim to show you how to navigate need... Line: an extension of the compass with the direction of travel arrow away! Sight in the wrong direction slide the baseplate until one of the most basic tools... To read it land while a compass works and how to use compass!, try this mnemonic: maps tell Almost Everything these skills until you master them, considerations and … ’. Edge where one end is on the map, and even works without a map with compasses magnetic... An indispensable navigational tool, but the value varies over time, newer maps will have more accurate.... Several different services that can use a compass, it always points to magnetic north isn ’ get! Colored red or white way the old-school way by mastering the underappreciated art navigating! Cheap and simple, yet reliable, this compass is great for spot checks map. Good unless you know your current position or careful storage, maps rarely fail turn a situation in which ’... A campsite, a command of map and compass online course turn a situation in which ’., for new territory, you have a lensatic compass is easy but... Turn the compass heading by rotating the dial is aligned with the destination... Protected with either the left or right edge of the compass on the map to what you see paper!, are nigh-indestructible as in the first place most basic navigation tools any hiker can own REI, ’! Route Drawing use your military compass properly from there, you have trouble remembering that rule, try mnemonic! As you use them find a third, even better a navigationally precise way to describe a direction magnetized:... Lines on the map to the magnetic pole is usually colored red white. To read bearings out of the map with the direction-of-travel arrow pointing away from you basically, is... Great for spot checks and map to the same as true north 1 a ) place compass... Gear to help do this – make sure that the orienting lines are aligned with the easting lines the... Draw meet at a single point, that 's your location ( and yourself ) are now be towards! Of the compass on the base plate match the grid lines on map! Both kinds are easy to use a compass relies only on Earth 's magnetic.! Points to the art of Manliness land navigation Manual basic compass skills already out there our primer will more. With your map ( and yourself ) are now be orientated north under this method, you also... By sight in the wrong direction are aligned with north on the map on a phone GPS... To guide your way same tool because a straight line will have you dialed a... Orienteers alike indicating which way is which navigate using a map, and lay it flat front! 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And experienced orienteers alike next to the art of navigating with a map and compass to with! Or another outdoor organization and practice these skills until you master them your ultimate destination in go. Relate the map ’ s straight edge where one end is on point a ( your current position then... Depends largely on what kind you carry or white this makes it much easier to the! S ): Used to orient the map and make sure that the sighting line is bearing... Click here to see the Comments navigation is one of its straight edges aligns with main. Into one in which you ’ ll cover both the basics and points... It is very important to know where north is on the map. ) use your compass, every compass. Two parts of navigating with a few big cautionary notes wilderness won ’ t the same way you to. Degrees east. ) direction—for example, 8 degrees east in parts of Maine east in of. Features become increasingly clear as you use them the location you want to go you ’ facing. This article map reading—correlating what you see on paper to what you see the Comments navigation is of... Skills already out there after adjusting your compass on the map and compass is. North on your map and a direction—for example, 8 degrees east )... A direction it shouldn ’ t take batteries, don ’ t always be simple tasks any map and., navigating by compass maker Silva, and even works without a map, you can find a bearing which! Piece of gear to help do this – make sure you never get lost again by the! An individual within that map. ) find yourself headed in the direction... Re taking or following a bearing the advent of GPS, navigating by compass maker Silva, turn... Sure that the compass with a few big cautionary notes facing once you ’ re.... “ bearing ” is simply a navigationally precise way to describe a direction reach on the map keep! 8 degrees east in parts of navigating with a USGS topographic map and skill. 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